Does hunting reduce coyote populations?

Do organized coyote-hunting events really help control the predator population? Most hunters agree that killing coyotes can help on a local, if not a landscape, level.

It’s not as simple as it seems

Do coyote hunters help decrease the population of the animal? Differences of opinion exist as to the overall effect of hunting efforts, especially big, organized hunts, on coyote populations.

Many hunters believe taking out coyotes helps wild-game populations by removing a top-end predator from the landscape. However, no eradication attempt has been 100-percent effective.

On the other hand, the non-profit organization Project Coyote said hunting ignores the coyotes’ role in the ecosystem. The theory is that hunting actually stimulates females to give birth to more pups.

“In a sense, (coyote-hunting events) are counter productive,” Marilyn McGee wrote in a published report during the 2016 Carolina Coyote Classic 3, headquartered in Albemarle.

Biologists with the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission agree that coyotes can’t be eradicated, but “spot controls” of the predators give local native wildlife species some relief.

“Coyotes affect a lot of other kinds of game,” said John MacPherson of Charlotte-based 704 Outdoors. “They have no natural predators except humans.”

Many hunters in the Classic, especially those from South Carolina, said coyotes have definitely hurt their deer numbers.

Max Derugen of Stanly County lost his favorite family pet, which was left outside one night, then mauled and killed by coyotes. He helped start the Coyote Classic.

“There are so many people who’ve lost a member of the four-legged family,” he was quoted in a local newspaper. “You wouldn’t believe all the stories I’ve heard. I’ve had a lot of support.”

Craig Holt
About Craig Holt 1271 Articles
Craig Holt of Snow Camp has been an outdoor writer for almost 40 years, working for several newspapers, then serving as managing editor for North Carolina Sportsman and South Carolina Sportsman before becoming a full-time free-lancer in 2009.