Restrictions are to help keep N.C. free of Chronic Wasting Disease
With deer season here, the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission reminds hunters that the importation of whole deer carcasses is prohibited and that strict processing and packaging regulations must be followed to import specific carcass parts from anywhere outside of North Carolina.
These deer carcass importation restrictions apply to every state, including South Carolina, which was partially exempt from restrictions in 2019, as well as any foreign country, to help prevent the spread of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) into the state. CWD is a transmissible, always fatal, neurological disease that affects deer and other cervids such as elk, moose and reindeer/caribou.
Anyone transporting cervid carcass parts into North Carolina must follow processing and packaging regulations, which only allow the importation of:
- Meat that has been boned out such that no pieces or fragments of bone remain;
- Caped hides with no part of the skull or spinal column attached;
- Antlers, antlers attached to cleaned skull plates, or cleaned skulls free from meat, or brain tissue;
- Cleaned lower jawbone(s) with teeth or cleaned teeth; or
- Finished taxidermy products and tanned hides.
Additionally, all carcass parts or containers of cervid meat or carcass parts must be labeled or identified with the:
- Name and address of individual importing carcass parts;
- State, Canadian province, or foreign country of origin;
- Date the cervid was killed; and
- Hunter’s license number, permit number, or equivalent identification from the state, Canadian province, or foreign country of origin.
“To the greatest extent possible, the current restrictions minimize the risk of hunters unknowingly bringing CWD into North Carolina by applying an importation ban of high-risk cervid carcass parts from anywhere outside of the state,” said Jonathan Shaw, the agency’s deer biologist. “Essentially, all deer parts brought into the state should be consumable or kept as a trophy and not discarded on the landscape.”
Most states, including North Carolina, have special processing/packaging rules for anyone returning with a deer, elk, moose or reindeer/caribou taken in another state or province. All hunters traveling out of state to hunt, should know the rules of their home state as well as the rules for the states they are traveling through.
CWD has not been detected in North Carolina but continues to be transferred great distances at an accelerated rate across the continent. Currently, 26 states, including two states bordering North Carolina — Virginia and Tennessee — have confirmed cases of CWD in their wild white-tailed deer herds.
“In addition to carcass importation restrictions, the Wildlife Commission’s efforts to protect the state’s herd focus on an active and robust surveillance program for early detection of CWD, and a response plan to guide immediate agency actions to combat CWD if it is detected in the state,” Shaw said.
About Chronic Wasting Disease
Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) disease in deer, elk, moose and reindeer/caribou and is always fatal. The source of the disease is an abnormal prion (a form of protein) that collects in, and eventually destroys the animal’s brain cells. Once infected, it can take over 16 months for clinical signs to develop, and individuals appear healthy for most of the infection period. Due to the neurological effects of the disease, deer in the final stages of the CWD may exhibit several signs including: weight loss, listlessness and lack of coordination, drooling, drinking lots of water and increased urination. To date there have been no reported cases of CWD infection in people. However, in accordance with the Centers for Disease Control guidelines, the Commission recommends people do NOT eat:
- Meat from a deer that looks sick
- Any of the following organs: brain, eyes, spinal cord, spleen, tonsils and lymph nodes*
- Any meat from an animal that tests positive for the disease
*Normal field dressing coupled with boning out a carcass will remove most (if not all) of these body parts. Cutting away all fatty tissue will remove remaining lymph nodes.
How To Prep a Deer (Cape and Skull Plate) for Importation to North Carolina
To help hunters better understand how to comply with new regulations, the Commission has posted a video “Preparing a Harvested Deer for Importation to NC,” on its YouTube Channel, which features a demonstration by Taxidermist D. Price of Outback Taxidermy on preparation of a deer carcass for importation into the state.
For more information about CWD, visit the Commission’s CWD web page.
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