January 22, 2012 at 8:53am
Heres ya some info Chad B that might Help ya.
The Squirrels of North Carolina
The Gray Squirrel: Did you know that the official state mammal of North Carolina was a squirrel , the gray squirrel and in 1969 the General Assembly made the Gray Squirrel the official mammal of North Carolina. The gray squirrel can easily be found in all corners of North Carolina and it is just as much at home in the swamps of eastern North Carolina as it is in the upland hardwood portions of the state in the Piedmont and in the western counties. The gray squirrel is abundant in out towns, and cities and is a big menace or nuisance when they invade attics, chimneys, fireplaces, basements and other parts of the home, business, commercial or industrial establishments.
The Gray squirrel is omnivorous like all squirrels will eat things such as: birdseed, spring bulbs, tree buds, frogs, small birds, eggs, insects, insect larva, fruits, conifer cones, and nuts. We love to watch squirrels bury their catches and in a average lifetime a gray squirrel will bury thousands of catches underground and save them for later. Many of these catches are remarkably found later but many go unfound and eventually if they are nuts or pine cones will eventually take root from the “planting” by the squirrel and become new growth or trees. I like to think of squirrels as accidental foresters.
Gray squirrels like their cousins the Fox squirrel have litters twice a year once in the late summer between August and September and in late Winter early spring from Feb-April each year. Their gestation period is on average 44 days, babies when born weigh about 15g and born hairless and are commonly referred to as”pinkies” in the pest control trade when newborn young litters are found.
The Fox Squirrel: There are three distinct geographical phases in coloration: in most areas the animals are brown-grey to brown-yellow, while in eastern regions such as the Appalachians there are more strikingly-patterned dark brown and black squirrels with white bands on the face and tail. In the south can be found isolated communities with uniform black coats.
The Fox Squirrel like its cousin the gray squirrel is a tree squirrel and live all over the State of North Carolina. Their gestational period is about the same as the gray squirrel 44 days average and diets are similar being they too like the gray squirrel are omnivorous. Fox squirrels can live in homes and do not belong in homes. Fox squirrels thrive best among trees such as oak, hickory,walnut and pine that produce winter-storable foods like nuts.
The fox squirrel is the largest of the squirrel species found here in North Carolina and they have many color variations but the most common here in North Carolina are dark brown and black squirrels with white faces.
Fox squirrels are also sometimes referred to as the stump-eared squirrel, raccoon squirrel, or monkey-faced squirrel.
Red Squirrels: A third squirrel, a tree squirrel like their cousins the Fox Squirrel and the Gray Squirrel is the American Red Squirrel. American Red Squirrels are also referred to as Pine Squirrels, North American Red Squirrels and Chickarees. Red squirrels are easily identified from their other cousins the Gray Squirrel and the Fox squirrel because they are smaller in size, and they are red and have whitish fur on their underbellies .
Of the three tree squirrels here in North Carolina the red squirrel is only found in the Western Appalachian part of North Carolina and is rarely found in homes but they have been found in homes just not that common.