North Carolina hunters have several million acres of public lands at their fingertips. Carolina Sportsman profiles the ones they should take a long look at, by species.
With a growing human population of 11 million, North Carolina is changing from a rural state where access for hunting and fishing once was easy but now is shrinking.
So the value of public land where citizens may hunt, fish, hike, camp, photograph or watch wildlife increases daily.
Public areas where citizens may engage in these activities are called game lands. Statewide, they total 2.1 million acres and are managed by the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission.
Meanwhile, 322,000 North Carolina residents own hunting licenses, and 25,000 non-residents visit the state to hunt. The total number of fishermen is around 1.525 million. Together, they spend $2 billion annually for their pasttimes, each expecting some bang for their outdoors bucks. Most don’t own private property. So game lands are left to supply these needs.
The following details some of North Carolina’s valuable game lands to outdoorsmen:
The bucks stop here, as far as public lands play out
Game-lands comparisons are difficult when considering access, whitetail numbers and hunting success. Hunting habitats are as different across the state as a sand dollar and a freshwater clam.
Last season, hunters tagged 5,222 deer on game lands, 20% above the previous season, but well behind the record 7,135 deer tagged on public lands in 2007-08.
There’s little question that the Macon County section of the Nantahala National Forest, is the best public-hunting area for deer in the western third of North Carolina.
“The Macon Ranger District has lots of wildlife openings including logging roads, power lines and openings at higher and lower elevations, sanctuaries and wilderness areas” said David Stewart, a biologist with the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission.
Hunters took 200 deer of Macon County tracts that are part of the Nantahala National Forest last season. Three other counties weren’t far behind: Transylvania, Cherokee and Jackson.
The Nantahala National Forest covers about 530,000 acres. The Pisgah National Forest is slightly smaller, at around 512,000 acres. Slightly more accessible to hunters from the eastern two-thirds of the state, the Pisgah National Forest produced 111 deer last year in Madison County, 105 in Brunswick County and 81 in Burke County.
Butner-Falls of Neuse, Jordan Game Lands
These two game lands are mirror images, with good deer populations and large reservoirs at their centers. Together they cover approximately 26,000 acres just north and south of the Raleigh-Durham area, respectively.
Similar landscapes include mixed hardwood-pine forests surrounded by small farms and housing developments.
Annual deer kills at the two game lands have tracked evenly for years.
“Both game lands are excellent for deer,” said biologist Chris Baranski of the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission. “Hunters shouldn’t have any trouble (finding whitetails). Everything is developed except the game lands, so deer concentrate inside a large expanse of undeveloped land.”
Croatan National Forest
The Croatan National Forest in Carteret, Craven and Jones counties in eastern North Carolinay offers a different experience with its pocosins, swamps and forests.
Last season, hunters tagged 331 deer on the national forest’s 162,247 acres, an increase of better than 20% over the previous season.
“Croatan is a popular place for deer hunting,” said Richie Clark, a Commission biologist.
Wildlife food plots include oats and rye near Pelletier and Long Point Landing. The Croatan has white oak ridges near the Havelock ferry terminal and large drainage areas reachable by boat at Bryce’s Creek and the White Oak River.
“Some of the biggest whitetail bucks in eastern North Carolina are killed (here) each season,” Clark said. “Most come out of Jones and Craven.”
The bear facts: western game lands offer bruins galore
The sprawling Nantahala and Pisgah national forests, with more than a million acres between them, provide bear hunters with plenty of land to roam. Last season, hunters killed 550 bears on North Carolina public-hunting tracts in the western third of the state, out of a total area harvest of 1,290.
“As more people move into the western counties, developers have bought huge amounts of lands to build houses and created de facto bear sanctuaries,” said David Stewart, a Commission biologist whose territory covers western North Carolina.
Hunters tagged 308 bears on Nantahala properties last year, with Macon County leading with 78 and Graham County with 56. Pisgah hunters tagged a record 270 bear last season, led by McDowell County with 70 and Burke County with 51.
“Nantahala and Pisgah game lands are popular places for bear hunting,” Stewart said. “A good number of hunters hunt bears with dogs. Most hunters know where bear sanctuaries are because they’ve been hunting for years. There’s a lot of still-hunting.”
Croatan National Forest, Tyrell, Pender counties
Hunters in North Carolina’s coastal plane tagged more than 2,100 bears last season, but only 94 came from game lands
Hunters heading to eastern North Carolina probably should consider hunting in counties with a good population of bears rather than on individual game lands. With the exception of Croatan National Forest, game lands with good bear populations are relatively small.
“Croatan has pocosins and tupelo swamps that cover a large area of the game lands,” said Richie Clark, a Commission biologist, “but it has pretty good road access.”
Hunters tagged 21 bears in the Jones County section of the national forest last season.’
Tyrrell County contains three game lands — Alligator River, Buckridge and J. Morgan Futch — where hunters tagged 34 bruins.
Pender County’s Angola Bay and Holly Shelter game lands contributed 11 bears. No other eastern game land saw more than a handful of bear harvests.
Ducks: choose these eastern NC game lands for winter homes
This 9,953-acre game land contains seven waterfowl impoundments scattered on both sides of Goose Creek in Beaufort and Pamlico counties. The impoundments are sectioned to allow dozens of hunters to enjoy their sport.
The most popular are Pamlico Point’s four impoundments on Beard Island adjoining Pamlico Sound. Campbell’s Creek has two impoundments with 11 sections. Spring Creek has six sections with six disabled-hunters blinds. Meanwhile, Hunting Creek, Smith Creek, Hobuken and Parker Farm boast single impoundments.
“The predominant harvest at Goose Creek is wigeons, gadwall, green-wing teal, ring-necked ducks, pintails, ruddy ducks, wood ducks and black ducks,” said David Turner, a Commission biologist whose territory includes Goose Creek.
Gull Rock Game Lands
This 28,600-acre game land in Hyde County contains the Long Shoal River tract north of Englehard, the Outfall Canal tract south of Lake Mattamuskeet and a smaller, Long Shoal tract north of Fairfield. Each of these sections lies between Pamlico Sound and Lake Mattamuskeet.
Outfall Canal Road leads to Merle Road Loop Impoundment (seven sections, 250 acres) and doesn’t require a permit to hunt. It has a nearby camp site and two parking areas.
“It often attracts ducks, geese and (tundra) swans,” Turner said. “(We) manage it for moist soils and submerged aquatic grasses.
“If it gets windy, birds may fly off the sound. It’s also got potential if you draw a swan permit. I’ve seen surveys that don’t report a black duck or mallard but more swans than ducks.”
Currituck Banks Game Lands
This game land covers 228 acres and includes waterfowl blinds that were once private but were donated by Currituck County to the N.C. Wildlife Commission. They dot either side of Currituck Sound’s mainland and the spit of land bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean. It’s the first coastal region to see migrating waterfowl fly south.
“These game-land blinds offer hunting for ducks to geese to swans,” Turner said.
The northern section includes Currituck Banks, while the southern blinds are inside Currituck National Wildlife Refuge.
Currituck Banks has two blinds across the sound from on the ocean side at Ships Bay and two mainland blinds, one at Cedar Bay and one at Hog Quarter Landing. Six Currituck NWR blinds are inside the Currituck Marsh Unit and three at the South Marsh Unit.
Hunting is by lottery draw, and individuals should visit www.ncwildlife.org/Licensing/Permit-Hunting-Opportunities.
Small game: habitat is everything
The R. Wayne Bailey-Caswell Game Lands, covering 18,150 acres in Caswell County, is a mixed landscape of managed fields, hardwoods, pines, hickories, thickets, small streams and steep ridges. Acorn-bearing oaks and hickories supply food for gray squirrels.
“About 50% of Bailey-Caswell has open hickory and upland hardwoods, so gray squirrel hunting is excellent,” said biologist Baranski, who said the Commission also manages habitat for wildlife at Bailey-Caswell.
“We’ve got a lot of young clear-cuts, tons of acres in dove fields and burn blocks, so rabbit hunting also can be really good,” he said. “We have eight fields planted in brown top and proso millet, corn, sun flowers and buckwheat, covering 190 acres.”
Planted fields and burn blocks offer some quail hunting. The birds can’t be hunted on CURE areas (a quail-restoration project), but rabbit hunting is allowed.
Hunters don’t need special permits at this game land.
Butner-Falls of Neuse, Jordan Game Lands
Because these two game lands are near Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill, many outdoorsmen visit both to open the year’s first hunting season for doves.
“Butner-Falls has seven managed fields (totaling 200 acres) that are extremely popular with the hunting public,” Baranski said. “Jordan Lake has nine dove fields of 65½ acres.”
Because of hardwoods on both game lands, hunters shouldn’t have any problem finding squirrels.
“The northern end of Butner-Falls is a good place for rabbits and beagles,” he said. “It has more fields and isn’t too developed. At Jordan, the best rabbit habitats are edges of dove fields.”
Jordan contains lots of bottomlands suitable for woodcock hunting.
Croatan National Forest
The Croatan National Forest’s landscape varies from mixed pine and hardwoods to swamps to pocosins, said biologist Clark.
“It has a mixed bag of small game,” he said.
The game land offers popular six dove fields in the Brices Creek region. Permits are required to hunt the first two days of dove season.
Hunting success on rabbits, squirrel and quail varies at Croatan.
“A lot of people hunt rabbits close to the dove fields and at wildlife openings after deer season,” Clark said. “It has former agricultural fields that hold cottontail rabbits and a few swamp rabbits.
“Quail mainly are found at fire-controlled places and transition areas between ridges and swamps.”
Mixed hardwoods and pine forests contain gray squirrels and some fox squirrels.
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